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  • Shin Pain (Care of the Young Athlete)

    Shin pain occurs most frequently in athletes involved in running, jumping, or high-impact sports. Shin pain can be caused by shin splints (also called medial tibial stress syndrome), a stress fracture of the tibia or fibula, or compartment syndrome.

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  • Shoulder Impingement (Care of the Young Athlete)

    Shoulder impingement is an overuse injury that causes achy pain on the front or side of the shoulder. The pain is felt most when the arm is overhead or extended to the side. Shoulder impingement also is called rotator cuff tendonitis, subacromial

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  • Skateboarding and In-line Skating (Care of the Young Athlete)

    Although skateboarding and in-line skating were once considered extreme sports, they are now both very common activities for children. Skateboarding and in-line skating involve street skating (using public areas such as sidewalks, steps, handrails,

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  • Skiing and Snowboarding (Care of the Young Athlete)

    As winter sports are gaining in popularity, young children are hitting the slopes to learn skiing and snowboarding. However, not every young child may be prepared for the experience. Your child's age, strength, and ability to cooperate are a

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  • Skin Conditions and Sports Participation (Care of the Young Athlete)

    Most skin conditions do not affect sports participation. As a general rule, young people with skin conditions should be allowed to participate in sports as long as there is no risk of blood or body fluid coming into contact with other athletes.

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  • Soccer (Care of the Young Athlete)

    Soccer (known as football outside the United States) is one of the most popular team sports in the world. Soccer also can be a way to encourage children to be physically active while they learn about teamwork and sportsmanship.

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  • Sports Medicine Professionals (Care of the Young Athlete)

    Athletes may deal with many different types of medical personnel after an injury. Athletes also may be referred by their primary care doctors to a sports medicine doctor or other sports medicine specialists for further evaluation and treatment.

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  • Sports and Your Child

    Whether on a court, in a pool, on a field, or in a gym, more children than ever are competing in sports. Sports help boys and girls keep their bodies fit and feel good about themselves. However, there are some important issues that parents need to be aware of if their children participate in organized

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  • Steroids: Play Safe, Play Fair

    You play to win. You're always looking for a way to get an edge over your opponents.

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  • Strength Training (Care of the Young Athlete)

    Strength training (or resistance training) uses a resistance to increase an individual's ability to exert force. It involves the use of weight machines, free weights, bands or tubing, or the individual's own body weight. This is not the same

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  • Stress Fractures (Care of the Young Athlete)

    Stress fracture (also called a fatigue fracture) is a weakening or thin crack in a bone caused by repetitive stress on the bone. A stress fracture is an overuse injury. It is different from a fracture that occurs after a traumatic event, such

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  • Swimming (Care of the Young Athlete)

    Swimming is a sport in which there is a great diversity among participants. There are both recreational and competitive swimmers, ranging in age from preschool through college.

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  • The Female Athlete Triad (Care of the Young Athlete)

    Female athlete triad refers to the combination of 3 medical conditions—eating problems, menstrual problems, and weak bones—seen in competitive female athletes. Prevention of the female athlete triad is important because it can interfere with normal

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  • Treatment of Sports Injuries (Care of the Young Athlete)

    There is often more than one way to effectively treat an injury. Treatment programs are always adjusted to meet the individual needs of the athlete and the unique requirements of the athlete's sport or activity.

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  • Use of Ice and Heat (Care of the Young Athlete)

    Ice and heat are often used in treating injuries.

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  • Use of Medicines in Sports (Care of the Young Athlete)

    The primary use of medicines in sports is to treat pain and inflammation. Athletes may also take medicines to treat specific medical conditions, such as asthma or diabetes, or to treat common illnesses, like colds, congestion, cough, allergies,

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  • Water Polo (Care of the Young Athlete)

    Water polo is an intense sport that requires athletes to tread water and swim for long periods. There is a version for younger athletes that allows them to stand in shallow water or hang onto the side of the pool, but this is illegal in competitive

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  • When is an Athlete Ready to Return to Play? (Care of the Young Athlete)

    One of the first questions an athlete will ask following injury or illness is, "When can I play again?" The answer is rarely quick or simple. Return-to-play decisions can be controversial and a source of conflict between health care providers

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  • When to See a Doctor (Care of the Young Athlete)

    A safe and speedy return to activity following a sports injury or an illness depends on early recognition and treatment. Knowing when to see your doctor is an important step in this process. With major injuries or illnesses, there is little

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  • Wrestling (Care of the Young Athlete)

    Wrestling is the oldest known sport, dating back to prehistoric times. Today it's the fourth most common sport in which athletes from different schools compete against each other. There are more than 50 kinds of wrestling. The most common types

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